未命名

sybase数据导入导出大全

导出到excel

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp SettleDB.dbo.shanghu out c:\temp1.xls -c -q -S"GNETDATA/GNETDATA" -U"sa" -P""'



/*********** 导入Excel

select * from openrowset('MicroSoft.Jet.OleDB.4.0',

'Excel 5.0;HDR=yes;Database=c:\test.xls',sheet1$)

--------------------------------------------------------

SELECT *

FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',

'Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions





SELECT cast(cast(科目编号 as numeric(10,2)) as nvarchar(255))+' ' 转换后的别名

FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',

'Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions



/** 导入文本文件

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "dbname..tablename" in c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'



/** 导出文本文件

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "dbname..tablename" out c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'



EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "Select * from dbname..tablename" queryout c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'



导出到TXT文本,用逗号分开

exec master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "库名..表名" out "d:\tt.txt" -c -t ,-U sa -P password'





BULK INSERT 库名..表名

FROM 'c:\test.txt'

WITH (

FIELDTERMINATOR = ';',

ROWTERMINATOR = '\n'

)





--/* dBase IV文件

select * from

OPENROWSET('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'

,'dBase IV;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\','select * from [客户资料4.dbf]')

--*/



--/* dBase III文件

select * from

OPENROWSET('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'

,'dBase III;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\','select * from [客户资料3.dbf]')

--*/



--/* FoxPro 数据库

select * from openrowset('MSDASQL',

'Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\',

'select * from [aa.DBF]')

--*/



/**************导入DBF文件****************/

select * from openrowset('MSDASQL',

'Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;

SourceDB=e:\VFP98\data;

SourceType=DBF',

'select * from customer where country != "USA" order by country')

go

/***************** 导出到DBF ***************/

如果要导出数据到已经生成结构(即现存的)FOXPRO表中,可以直接用下面的SQL语句



insert into openrowset('MSDASQL',

'Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\',

'select * from [aa.DBF]')

select * from 表



说明:

SourceDB=c:\ 指定foxpro表所在的文件夹

aa.DBF 指定foxpro表的文件名.









/*************导出到Access********************/

insert into openrowset('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',

'x:\A.mdb';'admin';'',A表) select * from 数据库名..B表



/*************导入Access********************/

insert into B表 selet * from openrowset('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',

'x:\A.mdb';'admin';'',A表)

 

********************* 导入 xml 文件



DECLARE @idoc int

DECLARE @doc varchar(1000)

--sample XML document

SET @doc ='

<root>

<Customer cid= "C1" name="Janine" city="Issaquah">

<Order oid="O1" date="1/20/1996" amount="3.5" />

<Order oid="O2" date="4/30/1997" amount="13.4">Customer was very satisfied

</Order>

</Customer>

<Customer cid="C2" name="Ursula" city="Oelde" >

<Order oid="O3" date="7/14/1999" amount="100" note="Wrap it blue

white red">

<Urgency>Important</Urgency>

Happy Customer.

</Order>

<Order oid="O4" date="1/20/1996" amount="10000"/>

</Customer>

</root>

'

-- Create an internal representation of the XML document.

EXEC sp_xml_preparedocument @idoc OUTPUT, @doc



-- Execute a SELECT statement using OPENXML rowset provider.

SELECT *

FROM OPENXML (@idoc, '/root/Customer/Order', 1)

WITH (oid char(5),

amount float,

comment ntext 'text()')

EXEC sp_xml_removedocument @idoc

 

/********************导整个数据库*********************************************/



用bcp实现的存储过程





/*

实现数据导入/导出的存储过程

根据不同的参数,可以实现导入/导出整个数据库/单个表

调用示例:

--导出调用示例

----导出单个表

exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa..地区资料','c:\zj.txt',1

----导出整个数据库

exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa','C:\docman',1



--导入调用示例

----导入单个表

exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa..地区资料','c:\zj.txt',0

----导入整个数据库

exec file2table 'zj','','','xzkh_sa','C:\docman',0



*/

if exists(select 1 from sysobjects where name='File2Table' and objectproperty(id,'IsProcedure')=1)

drop procedure File2Table

go

create procedure File2Table

@servername varchar(200)--服务器

,@username varchar(200)--用户名,如果用NT验证方式,则为空''

,@password varchar(200)--密码

,@tbname varchar(500)--数据库.dbo.表名,如果不指定:.dbo.表名,则导出数据库的所有用户表

,@filename varchar(1000)--导入/导出路径/文件名,如果@tbname参数指明是导出整个数据库,则这个参数是文件存放路径,文件名自动用表名.txt

,@isout bit--1为导出,0为导入

as

declare @sql varchar(8000)



if @tbname like '%.%.%' --如果指定了表名,则直接导出单个表

begin

set @sql='bcp '+@tbname

+case when @isout=1 then ' out ' else ' in ' end

+' "'+@filename+'" /w'

+' /S '+@servername

+case when isnull(@username,'')='' then '' else ' /U '+@username end

+' /P '+isnull(@password,'')

exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql

end

else

begin--导出整个数据库,定义游标,取出所有的用户表

declare @m_tbname varchar(250)

if right(@filename,1)<>'\' set @filename=@filename+'\'



set @m_tbname='declare #tb cursor for select name from '+@tbname+'..sysobjects where xtype=''U'''

exec(@m_tbname)

open #tb

fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname

while @@fetch_status=0

begin

set @sql='bcp '+@tbname+'..'+@m_tbname

+case when @isout=1 then ' out ' else ' in ' end

+' "'+@filename+@m_tbname+'.txt " /w'

+' /S '+@servername

+case when isnull(@username,'')='' then '' else ' /U '+@username end

+' /P '+isnull(@password,'')

exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql

fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname

end

close #tb

deallocate #tb

end

go

 

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